Journal of Veterinary and Marine Life

Author Guidelines of Journal of Veterinary and Marine Life

INFORMATION FOR AUTHORS

Authors are instructed to follow the guidelines before submitting the manuscript to Open Scientific Publishers.

Cover Letter: Authors are requested to submit a cover letter mentioning all the authors and co-author’s information with Department, University, Address, Correspondence details, Country, Email, Telephone number details.

Main Manuscript: Submit as a single file or Zip folder (in case exceeds the size limit) either in MS Word or PDF with all Abstract, Keywords, Abbreviations, Figures, Tables, Appendices, References, inserted at appropriate places in the text of the article.

Supporting Information: If authors are interested to add any supporting information like acknowledgements, conflicts of interests, author’s contributions, Funding availability, Dedications, Thank Notes etc. they can add at the end of the manuscript itself.

 

Authors are advised to go through these ethics firmly:                               

  • Should provide Title page, Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results/Observations, Discussion, Acknowledgements, References, Tables, Figures and Legends as required for the suitable type of article.
  • State in the manuscript, if appropriate, that the research protocol employed was approved by the relevant institutional review boards or ethics committees for human (including human cells or tissues) or animal experiments and that all human subjects provided appropriate informed consent.
  • Describe in the manuscript methods section how cultured cell lines were authenticated.
  • State in the manuscript, if appropriate, that regulations concerning the use of animals in research, teaching, and testing were adhered to. Governments, institutions, and professional organizations have statements about the use of animals in research.
  • State all sources of funding for research and include this information in the acknowledgment section of the submitted manuscript.
  • Submitted manuscripts should be of their original work or of the work, they are associated with during their tenure. Submitted manuscripts should contain original and authentic results, data and their ideas, which are not published elsewhere.
  • When human experimentation is being reported,a statement must be included confirming that the work was done in accordance with the appropriate institutional review body and carried out with the ethical standards.
  • Sharing with public media, government agencies, or manufacturers the scientific information described in a paper or a letter to the editor that has been accepted but not yet published violates the policies of many journals.
  • Preparing of data and results, intellectual property theft and plagiarism are highly unacceptable, it is beyond the ethics of an author. Information obtained from various media can be provided in the manuscript only with prior permission from the owner of the source of information or data.
  • Velvina maintains copyright for their works and also entails full credit to the authors or the contributors associated with the same. Velvina has zero tolerance plagiarism.

Some of the articles may be rejected during the peer-review process due to the below reasons:

  • No proper structure.
  • Lack of novelty.
  • Lacks the necessary detail for readers.
  • Fails to explain which parts of the findings are new.
  • Lack of up-to-date references.
  • Contains theories, concepts, or conclusions that are not fully supported by its data, arguments, and information.
  • Fails to provide enough details about materials and methods.
  • Lacks clear descriptions or explanations.
  • Has poor language quality.

Publication is a difficult process. So, the authors must be prepared to defend their submission against rejection from both editors and peer reviewers.

Plagiarism

Velvina is committed to publish original material which is neither been published or under review in other journals or copying the content from the other published articles. We use different software to check the plagiarism for the submitted manuscripts.

Sometimes papers were published twice by accident, even by distinguished authors. Some authors will submit the same manuscript to more than one journal and try to withdraw one if the other is accepted.

To avoid such practices, Velvina Scientific Publishers follows standard and tight Editorial Process to maintain quality in all the listed journals. Editorial process involves strict measures to prevent plagiarism, redundancy of manuscripts, multiple submissions, fabrication and falsification of data.

Duplicate Submission and Manipulation

Velvina Scientific Publishers has zero tolerance for publishing duplicate submissions and manipulation. This practice is widespread and might be unintentional. Transparency by the author on the use of previously published work usually provides the necessary information to make an assessment on whether it is deliberate or unintentional. Velvina Scientific Publishers will strictly follow the guidelines and won’t allow such practices.

 

Improper Author Contribution

It is important and mandatory for authors to mention all others authors list in the manuscript who has contributed their scientific work.

 

General Instructions

Text should be formatted in Times New Roman font with 10pt size and the alignment should be justified throughout the manuscript except Headings and Title.

Double spaces should be removed in the manuscript.

Sentences should be aligned to the respective paragraph only.

Spaces should not be used in the beginning of paragraph.

Sentences should not start with any numerical value.  

Italics should not be used for et al. while mentioning hidden authors name, and the representation should be like et al.

Use hyphen (-) to join or separate two words depending on the requirement. No space is allowed before and after hyphen (-).

Use end dash (–) to represent a span or range of numbers, dates, or time. No space is allowed before and after end dash.

Use end dash (—) in the places of commas, parentheses, or colons based on.

Only first letter of the disease name should be in upper case and remaining name should be in lower case.

Date format: Date, Month, Year.

There should not be periods in between country name acronyms. For example: UK, USA but not U.K., U.S.A

 

The representation of scientific names should be as follows:

Only binomial nomenclature should be followed.

Scientific names should be mentioned in italics only.

The genus name is always represented with an initial capital letter.

 

Scientific names

Scientific names should be mentioned in parenthesis when used with common name. For example: "The house sparrow (Passer domestics) is decreasing in Europe."  

Scientific names should be written completely. Except in case of listing several species from the same genus or the same species is repeated, then the genus name is written in full for the first time and abbreviated later on to an initial followed by a period. For example: Canis lupus, C. aureus, C. simonises.

In very few cases, scientific names can be used in abbreviated form directly. For example: E. coli, and T. rex.

If the actual specific name cannot or need not be specified, then the abbreviation "sp." is used. The abbreviation "spp." is a plural form. These abbreviations should not be italicized. For example: Canis sp., Canis spp.

In case of naming gene and protein, gene name should be italicized; protein name need not be kept in italics.

Drug names: Generic names should be in lower case where registered names should start with an upper-case letter.

Space should not be given before and after hyphen in chemical names.

Table content should be aligned centrally where the words/phrases should be intact and properly aligned.

Authors are allowed to use short forms for “That is” and “For example” as “i.e.,” and “e.g.,” respectively.

In case of quoted text, punctuations (except colon and semicolon) should be mentioned inside the quotation marks.

Space is not allowed in front of any punctuation mark.

Paragraphs should end with a full stop.

Usage of parenthesis at the beginning of sentences is not allowed.

Title

Should be in Title case in Times New Roman font, 15pt, Bold with Central alignment.

Full stop should not be used at the end.

“I”, “We” should not be used in the Title (exceptions: Editorials, Letter to Editors, Commentary and Opinion Articles).

Conjunctions, Prepositions should be in lower case.

Words like “in vitro, in vivo, ex vivo, etc.” should be italicized.

Author Details and Affiliations

Author Names 

Should be in Title case, Times New Roman, 11pt, Bold, alignment should be justified.

Initials should be there after Last name and names should be separated by comma (,).

Full stop should not be used at the end. 

Affiliation number should be in superscript in case of multiple affiliations.

If only one affiliation is there for all the authors, then numbers are not required.

Corresponding author should be highlighted by using an asterisk (*) symbol after the affiliation number. There is no need to put a comma (,) before the asterisk mark.

Affiliations

Should be in Title case, Times New Roman, 10pt, alignment should be justified. 

Author designations should not be mentioned.

Full stop should not be used at the end.

City name followed by Pin code/Zip code.

Corresponding Author Details

Heading should be bold and start with an Asterisk (*) symbol and text should be in Times New Roman, 10pt and ends with colon (:).

Should be in Title case, Times New Roman, 10pt, Normal, alignment should be justified.

Corresponding author name, Affiliation and Address should be separated by comma (,) and Telephone, Fax and Emails should be separated by semicolon (;)

Phone, Fax and Emails should be represented as Tel: +0000000, Fax: 000000, Email: abcdef@abc.ab

Full stop should not be used at the end.

For Example: *corresponding author: Dr. Author Name, Designation, Department, University name, University address with country, Tel: +0000000, Fax: 0000000, Email: abcdef@abc.ab

Abstract

Heading: Should be in Title case, Times New Roman, 11pt, Bold, alignment should be justified.

Content: Should be in Sentence case, Times New Roman, 10pt, alignment should be justified.

Abstract should be limited to 250-300 words which should provide the brief information about the background, methodology and the outcome of the study.

Abstract should be presented in a single paragraph and structured abstracts are not allowed. Please follow the specific instruction provided for each journal for details.

It should be free from formulae, acronyms and references/citations.

Graphical Abstracts may be incorporated within the abstract box only wherever needed.

Keywords

Heading: Should be in Title case, Times New Roman, 11pt, Bold, alignment should be justified.

Content: Should be in Sentence case, Times New Roman, 10pt, alignment should be justified. 

Keywords should be separated by semicolon (;).

Full stop should not be used at the end.

First letter of the first word should be capitalized.

Only abbreviated forms without acronyms should be kept as keywords in sentence case.

If abbreviation is lengthy and cannot be placed, then acronym can be used.

Abbreviations and Acronyms

Heading: Should be in Title case, Times New Roman, 11pt, Bold, alignment should be justified. 

Content: Should be in Sentence case, Times New Roman, 10pt, alignment should be justified.

Abbreviations should be separated by semicolon (;).

Full stop should not be used at the end.

In case of using abbreviations, the acronym of the abbreviation must be mentioned within parenthesis whenever it appears for the first time in the text. Later on, use of only acronym is enough.

If sentence/paragraph starts with abbreviation/acronym it should convey the meaning appropriately.

Instead of title case, lower case should be used for abbreviations expressing general phrases, experimental procedures, disease names, therapy/treatment names, receptor’s names etc. in the body of the text.

Company/organization names, universities, associations etc., can be capitalized.

If disease names, experimental procedures etc., are coined after any person, they can be capitalized.

 

Body Text

Heading: Should be in Title case, Times New Roman, 11pt, Bold, alignment should be justified.

Introduction

Materials and Methods

Result

Conclusion

Acknowledgement

Appendix

References

Heading: Should be in Title case, Times New Roman, 11pt, Bold, alignment should be justified.

Sub Headings: Should be in Sentence case, Times New Roman, 10pt, Bold, alignment should be justified.

Sub-Sub-Headings: Should be in Sentence case, Times New Roman, 10pt, Bold, alignment should be justified.

Inline paragraph separated from heading with colon (:).

Sub-Sub-Sub-Headings: Should be in Sentence case, Times New Roman, 10pt, Bold + Italicized, alignment should be justified.

Inline paragraph separated from heading with colon (:).

Sub-Sub-Sub-Sub-Headings: Should be in Sentence case, Times New Roman, 10pt, Italicized, alignment should be justified.

Inline paragraph separated from heading with colon (:).

 

Citation of References

All references provided at the end of the article must be cited in the body text using the below format provided.

References should be cited in square brackets “[]” in the manuscript.

Multiple references should be separated by comma (,) and space should not be there after comma (,).

Range of references should be separated by end dash (–) and space should not be there before and after end dash (2–11).

Different citations in the text within the square brackets “[]” should be presented following the order of appearance in the reference section.

Any sentence/paragraph should not start with the reference without author name.

Single author: “Author name [7] summarized the different harvesting”.

Two authors: “Author name and Author name [10] reported that genetically engineered green algae”.

More than two authors: “Author name et al. [67] made use of simple large unit micro strainers”.

 

Figures and Tables

Heading: Should be in Sentence case, Times New Roman, 8pt, Bold, alignment should be justified.

Content: Should be in Sentence case, Times New Roman, 8pt, alignment should be justified.

All legends should end with a full stop.

All Figures and Tables should be cited in body text in chronical order and they should follow Title case only.

It is not mandatory to maintain the order of sub figures sub sub tables in the body text, however, citations should be maintained in the body text as Figure 1a, Table 3b, etc.

In case of using any abbreviations in the legends, they must be mentioned in the abbreviations section.

Figure and Table foot notes must not end with a full stop

Space should not be given after representative characters such as alphabets, numbers and asterisks etc. in Figure and Table foot notes. Representation of such characters should be in superscript only.

If two figures or tables are cited simultaneously in the body text, then they must be cited as “Figure 1 and 2”, “Table 1 and 2”, “Figure 1 and Table 1”, etc.

If more than two figures or tables are cited simultaneously in the body text, then they must be cited as “Figure 1–4”, “Table 1–7”, etc.

 

References

Heading: Should be in Title case, Times New Roman, 11pt, Bold, alignment should be justified.

Content: Should be in Sentence case, Times New Roman, 10pt, alignment should be justified.

Language of references should be in English only.

Title in references should be in sentence case only.

Only scientific names should be italicized.

Superscripts, subscripts should be given wherever it is required. Ex: 2nd, 5th, Ch2COOH, H2SO4, etc.

Number of references provided at the end of the article should match with the number of cited references in the body text.

Any additional references without citation in the body text are not allowed.

Complete reference should be provided without splitting.

There should be no duplicate references at the end of the article.

 

References Format:

Reference for articles published in Journals

Author Names (Year) Article Title. Journal Name Volume Number: Page Number.

Reference for published Books

Author Names (Year) Book Title. Publisher

Book chapters

Author Names (Year) Book Title. Chapter Title, pp: Page Number.

Reference for Conference proceedings

Author Names (Year) Conference Discussion or presentation Topic. Conference Title, Place and Country.

Reference for Thesis and Dissertations

Author Names (Year) Title of the Research or Project. Institution Name.

Reference for Newspaper articles

Author Names (Year) Subject Title. News Paper Name, Accessed on: Date of Issue. Eg: Date Month Year (00 July 0000).

Reference for Web pages

Name of the Site or Publisher (Year) Title of the Page, [Url of the site]. Accessed on: Date Month Year.

 

Units and Measurements

SI standards for units and values should be followed.

Be cautious while presenting the multiplication and/or divisions of units.

 

If manuscript is appropriately withdrawn from any previous publisher (if submitted). It is unacceptable to withdraw a manuscript from a journal because it is being accepted by another journal. Before submitting the manuscript, authors should carefully check the facts and data presented in the manuscripts are accurate and error-free. All authors need agree for publishing the articles on the specific journal before submission.

Unethical withdrawal

Advanced stage in the editorial process, when peer reviews were near completion was unacceptable unless there are compelling reasons.

If the author withdraws a manuscript after publication, the article publication charges, if paid by the authors, will not be refunded.

If the authors do not reply to communication from the editorial office, even after multiple reminders, at any stage of the publication process; Velvina scientific publishers holds all rights to disclose the conduct of the authors and content of the manuscript without further approval from the authors, and cannot be held responsible for the consequences arising from it.

Withdrawal of a manuscript will be permitted only for the most compelling and unavoidable reasons. For withdrawal of a manuscript authors need to submit an "Article withdrawal Form", signed by all authors mentioning the reason for withdrawal to the Editorial Office.

Manuscript withdrawal charges

The author is allowed to withdraw the manuscript without paying any withdrawal penalty, if the author(s) requests a withdrawal of manuscript, within 48 hours of submission.

If the author(s) requests a withdrawal of manuscript, after the peer review process or in the production stage (Early Release or Ahead of publishing) or published online; then authors need to make a withdrawal penalty.

Withdrawal form

If the author wishes to withdraw paper from a journal, author needs to submit an " Article withdrawal Form" signed by all authors (or) the corresponding author of the manuscript stating the reasons for manuscript withdrawal. The form is available from the Editorial Office of the journal.